About & Methodology

About Accountability Counsel

Accountability Counsel amplifies the voices of communities around the world to protect their human rights and environment. As advocates for people harmed by internationally financed projects, we employ community driven and policy level strategies to access justice.

Accountability Counsel has provided advice to herders in this case since 2012. As advisors to herders, our objective in developing these reports is to monitor progress on implementation and bring transparency to the process while also advocating for agreement implementation that leads to the greatest benefit for herders.


Our updated 2020 interactive report assesses the implementation of the 60 commitments listed in Final Agreement #1 and #2, agreed and signed by the Tripartite Council in May 2017, and builds on Accountability Counsel’s 2019 report, From Paper to Progress. As the original Agreements listed some commitments in multiple locations, this report re-numbers the list and deletes repeated commitments to improve readability and provide a more accurate progress assessment.

We note a few changes from our methodology in our 2019 report. First, for our 2020 report, we have broken out the unique sub-commitments contained within commitment number 34 “Khanbogd Soum Animal Husbandry Sector Development Program through 2024.” This commitment involves several substantial sub-commitments that were appended to Agreement #1 as Annex B. We have decided this year to track these sub-commitments separately as commitments 34a - 34m.

Second, we made updates to the four benchmarks we are tracking to simplify and add clarity regarding our assessment of where the commitment is with respect to the original timelines set out in the 2017 Agreements. Our benchmarks are defined as follows:

For reference, the benchmarks tracked in our 2019 report included the following:

All assessments are based on a series of interviews, conducted in June 2019, with a diverse set of stakeholders including TPC representatives from all parties (the government, OT, and herders), affected herders who have benefited or stand to benefit from Agreement implementation, Munkh Nogoon Galba NGO engaged in the participatory environmental monitoring, and an independent NGO that was hired to assist with implementation of major community development commitments. In total, interviews with 28 individuals were conducted. Information was also derived from: first-person observation of TPC meetings in June 2019; review of TPC meeting minutes and joint statements from May 2017 to the present; and review of other documents relevant to implementation progress. A draft of this report was shared with all parties to the TPC, inviting comments to ensure accuracy and completeness.